The Biogame research and development project was launched on October 1, 2012. It is co-financed by the Region of Lazio with a duration of 24 months and will be carried out in collaboration with CNR-IIA (National Research Council, Atmospheric Pollution Institute).
The project intends to develop, test and optimize the small-scale and economic purification phase of biogas and biomethane through the experimental use of natural zeolites taken from the waste of processed Lazio tuff. The main objective is to favor the development of the biomethane market and its distributed production.
Biogas derives from the biological process of anaerobic digestion of organic waste and is composed mainly of methane gas, carbon dioxide and other by-products. The purification of biogas, with the elimination of all the impurities and the carbon dioxide, creates a gas that is called biomethane, whose characteristics are very similar to the methane gas extracted from renewable sources. To produce biogas the project concentrates on the valorization of the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) and the refuse from the production of olive oil, thus stimulating virtuous management of organic residues and exploiting their great energy potential.
The project will be implemented with the involvement of the Municipality of Palombara Sabina, which has manifested an interest in supporting the project and in participating, once the prototype is tested, in the realization and management of the first commercial plant.
- To reduce the dependence on fossil sources and to increase the security of energy supply
- To develop distributive production of biomethane and to potentiate the independence of centralized energy systems
- To increase knowledge about the opportunities deriving from the production of biomethane among operators in the agriculture sector and all the stakeholders
- To identify a method for the valorization of waste that even small producers can sustain
- To diminish the emissions of greenhouse gases
- Determining the application potential of biomethane feed-in in Lazio, Italy and Europe
- Determining the authorizing protocol for the biomethane production chain and feed-in
- Determining proposals for improving investment policies in the sector
- Implementing the complete laboratory testing program on anaerobic digestion for biogas production and its subsequent purification, experimenting with the use of Lazio, natural and synthetic tuff to improve its characteristics
- Establishing an upgrading plant for small, economically feasible flows, using low-cost materials